The progression of type 2 diabetes in children is of growing concern, so much so that it became a serious public health problem especially in the USA. American adolescents over 4 ages 12 to 19 years in 1000 are with non-insulin dependent diabetes. Moreover, it is likely that the prevalence of this disease is highly underestimated. A population at risk? Prevention measures are imposentAux USA, between 8 and 45 % of cases of diabetes newly diagnosed in children and adolescents are type 2, but it is likely that this large percentage is underestimated. the prevalence of this disease is steadily increasing, for example its incidence has doubled in Japan in a decade (between the end of the 70s and early 90s), then from 7 to 14 per 100,000 children in school age. A population at risk? In adolescents Americans, type 2 diabetes is discovered on average at age 12-14 years, around puberty. .
Girls are more affected than boys and are more frequently the children of non-European origin. Obviously, diabetes is associated with an obesity, a lack of physical activity, a family history, has an exposure to diabetes in utero and signs of insulin resistance. It is not uncommon to find also hypertension, cholesterol, sleep apnea (breathing stops short of succession) and a depressive syndrome, it being understood that all these factors worsen with age.